Motorcycle Brakes

19VAC30-70-340. Motorcycle brakes.
A. The inspector, if qualified to operate a motorcycle, must drive it into the inspection lane
and test the service brakes. If not qualified to operate motorcycles, the inspector must observe
the operator operate the brakes. The inspector is required to observe and inspect the braking
system on both wheels if so equipped or required to be equipped.
B. Inspect for and reject if:

  • 1. Any motorcycle is not equipped with a brake, or which has a disconnected brake.
  • 2. Any motorcycle which was originally equipped with a service brake system on both
    the front or rear wheel(s) if the service brake system has been altered by removing or
    disconnecting any of the brake system components from any of the wheels.
  • 3. Any motorcycle manufactured after July 1, 197 4, is not equipped with either a split
    service brake system or two independently actuated service brake systems which shall
    act on the front as well as the rear wheel or wheels.
  • 4. Bonded linings or disc pads are worn to less than 2/32 of an inch in thickness or
    riveted linings or disc pads are worn to less than 2/32 of an inch over the rivet head(s).
  • 5. Any lining is broken or cracked so that the lining or parts of the lining are not firmly
    attached to the shoe or disc pad.
  • 6. Grease or any other contamination is present on the lining or disc pad.
  • 7. Rivets in riveted linings or disc pads are loose or missing.
  • 8. A brake drum or brake disc (rotor) is scored to the extent that it impairs the braking
  • 9. A brake drum or brake disc is worn beyond the manufacturer’s recommended limit. (A
    brake drum or brake disc shall under no circumstances be re-machined beyond the
    manufacturer’s specifications.)
  • 10. Rods are bent, cotter keys or lock nuts are missing, cables frayed or broken or parts
  • 11. When operated at 20 miles per hour on a dry, level, hard surface free from loose
    material, the brakes will not stop the motorcycle within 30 feet.
  • 12. Levers (foot and hand) do not have at least 1/3 of their travel as reserve after brakes
    are fully applied.
  • 13. Any leaks in master cylinder, wheel cylinders, or any brake hoses or lines.


Revised August 1, 2012

19VAC30-70 – Motor Vehicle Safety Inspection Rules And Regulations

  • 14. A motorcycle that is equipped with a front and rear master cylinder, if one or both are
    not displaying the recommended manufacturer fluid level.
  • 15. Any line or hose not installed so as to prevent damage or abrasion by contact with
    the frame or other components. There is any leakage in any hydraulic, air, or vacuum
    lines; hoses have any cracks, crimps, restrictions, or are abraded exposing fabric; tubing
    or connections leak, are crimped, restricted, cracked or broken; any valves leak or are
    inoperative. Reject the vehicle if the brake hoses or tubing are stretched or extended
    and do not allow for suspension movement. Brake tubing and hoses must:

    • a. Be long and flexible enough to accommodate without damage all normal motions
      of the parts to which it is attached;
    • b. Be secured against chaffing, kinking, or other mechanical damage; and
    • c. Be installed in a manner that prevents it from contacting the vehicle’s exhaust
      system or any other source of high temperatures.