Headlamps; Except Motorcycles

19VAC30-70-140. Headlamps; except motorcycles.
A. Inspect for and reject if:

  • 1. Any motor vehicle is not equipped with headlamps of an approved type.. The
    headlamps must be marked with the headlamp manufacturer’s name or trademark, and
    DOT. If the headlamp bulbs are replaceable, the headlamp lens must be marked with
    the headlamp light source type (bulb) for which it was designed and the bulb must match
    the lens code.
  • 2. Headlights are not of the same approved type (Halogen, HID, etc.) except sealed
    beam headlamps. At least two headlamps are required.
  • 3. In any headlamp the lens is cracked, broken, discolored, or rotated away from the
    proper position, or the reflector is not clean and bright.
  • 4. Moisture or water buildup in headlamp is such that it affects the aiming pattern.
  • 5. Headlamps omit light other than white. Light tints of color may be acceptable if the
    headlamp and headlamp bulbs are marked as required.
  • 6. Bulbs are not of an approved type and marked with all of the following: light source
    type, the manufacturer’s name or trade mark, and DOT.
    NOTE:
    – Approved headlamp bulbs: HB1, HB2, HB3, HB3A, HB4, HB4A, HB5, H1, H3, H7, HS,
    HBB, H9, H98, H11, H11B, H11C, H13, H13C, H15, HIR1, HIR2.
    – Approved headlamp bulbs that require ballast: 9500, 01 R, 01 S, D2R, 028, D3R,
    D3S,D4R,D4S,D5S,D7S,D8S.
    – Approved headlamp ballasts must be marked with the light source type (bulb) and
    DOT. The bulb type marked on the ballast must match the marking on the headlamp
    lens.
  • 7. Any filament or bulb in headlamps fails to burn properly or headlamps are not at the
    same location or configuration as designed by manufacturer. (Location and type of
    headlamps can be found in subsection F of this section.)
  • 8. Wiring is dangling or connections are loose; or if proper filaments do not burn at
    different switch positions; or if switches, including foot or hand dimmer, do not function
    properly and are not convenient to the driver.
  • 9. Foreign material is placed on or in front of the headlamp lens or interferes with the
    beam from the lamp. No glazing may be placed over or in front of the headlamps unless
    it is a part of an approved headlamp assembly.

    • a. Reject if vehicle has wire, unapproved lens or plastic covers, any other materials
      that are not original equipment or any colored material placed on or in front of the
      headlamps.
    • b. Vehicles registered as street rods may have clear, rigid plastic or glass headlamp
      lens covers in front of sealed beam units to replace original manufacturer’s
      equipment.

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    • c. EXCEPTION: A clean impact film known as Headlight Savers produced by Grand
      Prix Motoring Accessories may be applied to the headlight lens to absorb impact of
      rocks, etc.
  • 10. Lamps can be moved easily by hand due to a broken fender or loose support, or if a
    good ground is not made by the mounting.
  • 11. Headlamps, auxiliary driving lamps and front fog lamps are not mounted so that the
    beams are aimable and the mounting does not prevent the aim of the lighting device
    from being disturbed while the vehicle is operating on public roads. All lamps shall be
    securely mounted on a rigid part of the vehicle.
  • 12. A headlamp visor is over two inches long unless part of the original body design.
  • 13. The high beam indicator in the driver’s compartment does not burn when the high
    beam is on or does not go off when the low beam is on. (Vehicles not originally equipped
    with an indicator are not required to comply unless sealed beam headlamps have been
    installed.)

B. Aiming the headlamps.

  • 1. Headlamps shall be checked for proper aim by using an optical headlamp aimer on
    every motor vehicle inspected, except vehicles with on-board aimers.
    Headlamp aim on vehicles with on-board aimers shall be checked by visually examining
    the leveling device mounted either on or adjacent to the headlamp. Reject the vehicle if
    the leveling device shows the headlamp adjustment to exceed indicated specifications.
    NOTE: Driving lamp and fog lamps must be aimed using the optical aimer, according to
    instructions in 19VAC30-70-160 I 10 i and 11 g (2).
  • 2. Headlamps are not aimed within the following tolerances using the optical aimer.
    • a. The center of the hot spot of all single element high beam lamps is set more than
      four inches up or down from the horizontal centerline or more than four inches to the
      left or right from the vertical centerline.
    • b. The left edge of the lamp pattern of any low beam lamp or any combination or
      multi-element lamp is more than four inches to the left or right of the vertical
      centerline or the top edge of the lamp pattern is more than four inches above or
      below the horizontal centerline when checked on low beam.

C. Optical aimer.

  • 1. Approved opticaJ headlamp machines shall be used to properly aim all headlamps,
    except vehicles with on-board aimers. Optical aimers must be properly calibrated and
    used in the manner recommended by the manufacturer.
    The optical headlamp machine must be aligned to the vehicle in accordance with the
    manufacturer’s specifications.
  • 2. When aiming headlamps, first look for the type of lamp, which will be found embossed
    on the lens. The type determines which aiming requirements must be followed for the
    optical aimer.
  • 3. All low beam or combination/multi-element headlamps must be set by aiming the lamp
    pattern with the lamps set on low beam.

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  • NOTE: If attempting to align a composite or sealed beam lamp with a high and low beam
    within the same housing, align only the low beam. If aligning a four-lamp system with
    high and low beams in separate housings, it may be necessary to cover the low beam
    while aligning the high beam, if all four lamps are on at the same time.
  • 4. Pattern should be aimed so that the left edge does not extend to the left or right of
    straight ahead, and the top of the pattern should be even with the horizontal.
    Pattern “A” represents the light pattern as it should appear on the view screen of the
    approved aimer when checking the low-beam pattern on a single element headlamp or a
    combination multi-element headlamp.
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  • 5. All VOL and VOR headlamps will be aimed as follows:
    To properly aim a combination multi-element or low-beam VOL or VOR headlamp
    assembly, the headlamp pattern should be aimed on low beam only.
    Letters marked on the headlamp cover should properly identify VOL and VOR
    headlamps.
    NOTE: VOL and VOR headlamps will normally have only one adjustment, which will
    be for the vertical aim only. The horizontal aim should be disregarded, as the
    horizontal aim is preset at the factory.
  • 6. All single element high beam headlamps shall be set by aiming the center of the hot
    spot with the lamps set on high beam.
  • 7. Aim straight ahead-center of the hot spot should be centered with the vertical and
    horizontal centerlines.
    Pattern “B” represents the light pattern as it should appear on the view screen of the
    approved aimers.

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  • 8. When lamp pairs are mounted horizontally, the low beam lamp must be on the outer
    side and when mounted vertically, the low beam lamp must be at the higher position in
    the pair.
  • 9. The four headlamp system must be wired so that only the lower beam lamp will burn
    when the light beams are depressed. When switched to high beams, both high beam
    and low beam may burn.
    The “F” type halogen headlamp 1986 (LF-UF) of the four headlamp system will function
    in the following manner: system must be used so the low beam does not burn with the
    high beam.

D. Headlamps on vehicles used for snow removal. Approved auxiliary headlamps may be
mounted above the conventional headlamps. (These lamps must be in compliance with this
section in its entirety, subdivision 7 of 19VAC30-70-150, and subdivision 1 of 19VAC30-70-170.)
E. Inspect for and reject if:

  • 1. Lamps are not an approved type as previously indicated in section A 6.
  • 2. Lamps are not mounted in a manner that will permit proper aiming.
  • 3. Lamps are mounted so as to obstruct the driver’s vision.
  • 4. The auxiliary headlamp circuit does not contain a switch that will deactivate the
    primary headlamp system when the auxiliary headlamps are in use.
  • 5. Auxiliary headlamps are not aimed in accordance with the provisions of subdivision B
    2 of this section.
  • 6. Headlamps are not wired in accordance with the provisions of subdivision C 8 of this
    section.
    NOTE: Light patterns shown in the following diagram will be displayed on the most
    recently approved light machines produced by Hopkins and Symtech Corporations.
    HEADLAMP PATTERNS

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NOTE: Always inspect the following sealed beam and replaceable bulb and integral
beam headlamps on LOW BEAM only:

  • – 5-3/4 inch, marked 2, 2C, or 2C1
  • – 7 inch, marked 2, 20, or 201
  • -100X 165mm rectangular, marked 2A, 2A1, or2E1, 2G1 or2H1
  • – 200 X 142mm rectangular, marked 28 or 281
  • – Replaceable bulb headlamp, marked LF with 9004 (HB1)
  • – 92 X 160mm rectangular, marked LF
  • – Replaceable bulb headlamps with 9006 (HB4) alone or in combination with 9005
    (HB3)
  • – 55 X 135mm rectangular, marked L
  • – Integral beam headlamp when high and low beam reflectors move together.