Glass and Glazing

19VAC30-70-210. Glass and glazing.
A. Motor vehicles may be inspected without windshields, side glasses, or any kind of
glazing, except that any motor vehicle other than a motorcycle that was manufactured,
assembled, or reconstructed after July 1, 1970, must be equipped with a windshield. If glass or
other glazing is installed, it must be inspected. If no windshield is installed, see 19VAC30-70-50
C for location of the sticker.
B. Inspect for and reject if:

  • 1. Any motor vehicle manufactured or assembled after January 1, 1936, or any bus,
    taxicab or school bus manufactured or assembled after January 1, 1935, is not equipped
    throughout with safety glass, or other safety glazing material. (This requirement includes
    slide-in campers used on pickups or trucks, caps, or covers used on pickup trucks,
    motor homes, and vans.)
  • 2. Any safety glass or glazing used in a motor vehicle is not of an approved type and
    properly identified (refer to approved equipment section). (Replacement safety glass
    installed in any part of a vehicle other than the windshield need not bear a trademark or
    name, provided the glass consists of two or more sheets of glass separated by a glazing
    material, and provided the glass is cut from a piece of approved safety glass, and
    provided the edge of the glass can be observed.)
    NOTE: A number of 1998 and 1999 model year Ford Contour/Mystique, Econoline and
    Ranger vehicles were produced without the AS-1 windshield marking as required by
    FMVSS #205. Ford has certified that these vehicles’ windshields meet all performance
    standards and will not be rejected.
  • 3. Any glass at any location where glass is used is cracked or broken so that it is likely to
    cut or injure a person in the vehicle.
  • 4. Windshield has any cloudiness more than three inches above the bottom, one inch
    inward from the outer borders, one inch down from the top, or one inch inward from the
    center strip. The bottom of the windshield shall be defined as the point where the top of
    the dash contacts the windshield.
  • 5. Any distortion or obstruction that interferes with a driver’s vision; any alteration that
    has been made to a vehicle that obstructs the driver’s clear view through the windshield.
    This may include but is not limited to large objects hanging from the inside mirror, CB
    radios or tachometers on the dash, hood scoops and other ornamentation on or in front
    of the hood that is not transparent.

    • a. Any hood scoop installed on any motor vehicle manufactured for the year 1990 or
      earlier model year cannot exceed 2-1/4 inches high at its highest point measured
      from the junction of the dashboard and the windshield.
    • b. Any hood scoop installed on any motor vehicle manufactured for the 1991 or
      subsequent model year cannot exceed 1-1/8 inches high at its highest point
      measured from the junction of the dashboard and the windshield.
  • 6. Windshield glass, on the driver’s side, has any scratch more than 1/4 inch in width and
    six inches long within the area covered by the windshield wiper blade, excluding the
    three inches above the bottom of the windshield. A windshield wiper that remains parked
    within the driver’s side windshield wiper area shall be rejected.

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19VAC30-70 – Motor Vehicle Safety Inspection Rules And Regulations

  • EXCEPTION: Do not reject safety grooves designed to clean wiper blades if the grooves
    do not extend upward from the bottom of the windshield more than six inches at the
    highest point.
  • 7. There is a pit, chip, or star crack larger than 1-1/2 inches in diameter at any location in
    the windshield above the three-inch line at the bottom.
  • 8. At any location in the windshield above the three-inch line at the bottom (as measured
    from the junction of the dash board and the windshield) there is more than one crack
    from the same point if at least one of the cracks is more than 1-1/2 inches in length.
    There is any crack that weakens the windshield so that one piece may be moved in
    relation to the other. (If there is more than one crack running from a star crack that
    extends above the three-inch line, the windshield shall be rejected.)
    EXCEPTION: Windshield repair is a viable option to windshield replacement A
    windshield that has been repaired will pass inspection unless:

    • a. It is likely to cut or injure a person.
    • b. There is any distortion that interferes with a driver’s vision.
    • c. The windshield remains weakened so that one piece may be moved in relation to
      the other.
    • d. The integrity of the windshield has obviously been compromised by the damage or
      the repair.
  • 9. Any sticker is on the windshield other than an official one required by law or permitted
    by the superintendent. Authorization is hereby granted for stickers measuring not more
    than 2-1/2 inches in width and four inches in length to be placed in the blind spot behind
    the rear view mirror. Department of Defense decals measuring no more than three
    inches in width and eight inches in length may be affixed to the upper edge of the center
    of the windshield. At the option of the motor vehicle’s owner, the decal may be affixed at
    the lower left corner of the windshield so that the inside or left edge of the sticker or
    decal is within one inch of the extreme left edge of the windshield when looking through
    the windshield from inside the vehicle. When placed at this location, the bottom edge of
    the sticker or decal must be affixed within three inches of the bottom of the windshield.
    This location can only be used if the owner of the vehicle has chosen not to place any
    required county, town or city decal there. The normal location for any required county,
    town, or city decal is adjacent to the official inspection sticker and must not extend
    upward more than three inches from the bottom of the windshield. Commercial Vehicle
    Safety Alliance (CVSA) inspection decals may be placed at the bottom or sides of the
    windshield provided such decals do not extend more than 4-1/2 inches from the bottom
    of the windshield and are located outside the area swept by the windshield wipers and
    outside the driver’s sight line.
    Any sticker required by the laws of any other state or the District of Columbia and
    displayed upon the windshield of a vehicle submitted for inspection in this state is
    permitted by the superintendent, provided the vehicle is currently registered in that
    jurisdiction and the sticker is displayed in a manner designated by the issuing authority
    and has not expired. This includes vehicles with dual registration; i.e., Virginia and the
    District of Columbia.

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  • NOTE: Fastoll Transponder devices may be affixed to the inside center of the windshield
    at the roof line just above the rear view mirror. If space does not allow, then it may be
    affixed to the immediate right of the mirror at the roof line.
    NOTE: Volvo placed a warning sticker on the windshield of their cars equipped with side
    impact air bags. In accordance with this paragraph the sticker shall be removed. If the
    sticker can be removed intact then it may be placed on the left rear window in the lower
    front comer. Customers should be referred to the nearest Safety Division area office for
    replacement if it could not be removed intact.
    EXCEPTION: Stickers or decals used by counties, cities and towns in lieu of license
    plates may be placed on the windshield without further authority. Except on privately
    owned yellow school buses, the sticker or decal shall be placed on the windshield
    adjacent to the right side of the official inspection sticker or the optional placement to the
    extreme lower left side of the windshield. The top edge of the sticker or decal shall not
    extend upward more than three inches from the bottom of the windshield. The left side
    edge adjacent to the official inspection sticker shall not be more than 1/4 inch from the
    right edge of the official inspection sticker when looking through the windshield from
    inside the vehicle. At the option of the motor vehicle owner, the sticker or decal may be
    affixed at the lower left corner of the windshield so that the inside or left edge of the
    sticker or decal is within one inch of the extreme left edge of the windshield when looking
    through the windshield from inside the vehicle. When placed at this location, the bottom
    edge of the sticker or decal must be affixed within three inches of the bottom of the
    windshield. Any expired sticker or decal, excluding a rejection sticker that is present on
    the windshield at the time of inspection, shall not be issued an approval sticker unless
    the owner/operator “authorizes” its removal. A rejection sticker will be issued versus an
    involuntary removal. On privately owned yellow school buses, the sticker or decal shall
    be placed on the windshield adjacent to the left side of the official inspection sticker, and
    not more than 1 /4 inch from the left edge of the official inspection sticker when looking
    through the windshield from inside the vehicle. The top edge of the sticker shall not
    extend upward more than three inches from the bottom of the windshield.
  • 10. Sunshading material on windshield displaying words, lettering, numbers or pictures
    that does not extend below the AS-1 line is permitted. In the absence of an AS-1 line
    sunshading material on the windshield displaying words, lettering, numbers or pictures
    cannot extend more than three inches downward from the top of the windshield, unless
    authorized by the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles and indicated on the vehicle
    registration.
    NOTE: Vehicles with logos made into the glass at the factory meet federal standards
    and will pass state inspection.
  • 11. Any sunscreening material is scratched, distorted, wrinkled or obscures or distorts
    clear vision through the glazing.
  • 12. Front side windows have cloudiness above three inches from the bottom of the glass
    or other defects that affect the driver’s vision or one or more cracks which permit one
    part of the glass to be moved in relation to another part. Wind silencers, breezes or other
    ventilator adaptors are not made of clear transparent material.

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  • EXCEPTION: Colored or tinted ventvisors that do not exceed more than two inches from
    the forward door post into the driver’s viewing area are permitted.
  • 13. Glass in the left front door cannot be lowered so a hand signal can be given. (This
    does not apply to vehicles that were not designed and/or manufactured for the left front
    glass to be lowered, provided the vehicle is equipped with approved turn signals.) If
    either front door has the glass removed and material inserted in place of the glass that
    could obstruct the driver’s vision.
    EXCEPTION: Sunscreening material is permissible if the vehicle is equipped with a
    mirror on each side.
  • 14. Any sticker or other obstruction is on either front side window, rear side windows, or
    rear windows. (The price label, fuel economy label and the buyer’s guide required by
    federal statute and regulations to be affixed to new/used vehicles by the manufacturer
    shall normally be affixed to one of the rear side windows.) If a vehicle only has two door
    windows, the labels may be affixed to one of these windows. If a vehicle does not have
    any door or side windows the labels may be temporarily affixed to the right side of the
    windshield until the vehicle is sold to the first purchaser.
    NOTE: A single sticker no larger than 20 square inches in area, if such sticker is totally
    contained within the lower five inches of the glass in the rear window if a vehicle has
    only one outside mirror, a single sticker or decal no larger than 10 square inches located
    in an area not more than three inches above the bottom and not more than eight inches
    from the rearmost edge of either front side window, is permissible and should not be
    rejected.
    A single sticker issued by the Department of Transportation to identify a physically
    challenged driver, no larger than two inches by two inches, located not more than one
    inch to the rear of the front door post, or one inch to the rear of the front ventilator glass,
    if equipped with a ventilator glass, and no higher than one inch from the bottom of the
    window opening, is permitted on the front driver’s side window on a vehicle specially
    equipped for the physically challenged.
  • 15. Rear window is clouded or distorted so that the driver does not have a view 200 feet
    to the rear.
    EXCEPTIONS: The following are permissible if the vehicle is equipped with a mirror on
    each side:

    • a. There is attached to one rear window of such motor vehicle one optically grooved
      clear plastic right angle rear view lens, not exceeding 18 inches in diameter in the
      case of a circular lens or not exceeding 11 inches by 14 inches in the case of a
      rectangular lens, which enables the operator of the motor vehicle to view below the
      line of sight as viewed through the rear window.
    • b. There is affixed to the rear side windows, rear window or windows of such motor
      vehicle any sticker or stickers, regardless of size.
    • c. There is affixed to the rear side windows, rear window or windows of such motor
      vehicle a single layer of sunshading material.
    • d. Rear side windows, rear window or windows is clouded or distorted.

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