Clearance Lamps, Side Marker Lamps, and Reflectors

19VAC30-70-180. Clearance lamps, side marker lamps, and reflectors.
Inspect for and reject if:

  • 1. Any motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer or other vehicle is not equipped with clearance
    lamps if the vehicle is over seven feet wide or if any portion extends four inches or more
    outside the front fender line.
    NOTE: See 19VAC30-70-550 for vehicles exceeding 10,000 GVWR.
    When a motor vehicle with a trailer attached is presented, the combination may be
    considered as one unit in meeting this requirement. If presented separately, the
    individual unit must meet these requirements.
  • 2. Lamps (DOT or SAE-P2, P3, PC, or PC2) or reflectors (DOT or SAE-A or 8) are not of
    an approved type or a lamp has been altered.
    Reject if the vehicle has wire, unapproved lens or plastic covers, any other materials that
    are not original equipment or any colored material placed on or in front of lamps or
    reflectors.
  • 3. Lenses on lamps on the front are not amber and lenses on lamps on the rear are not
    red or if a lens has a piece broken from it. A lens may have one or more cracks provided
    an off-color light does not project through the crack or cracks.

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  • NOTE: LED light-emitting diode) lights with a clear lens are acceptable if of an approved
    type. For those vehicles that are equipped with a multiple LED light (not filament-burning
    bulbs), they will pass inspection if more than 50% of the diode lights are burning.
  • 4. Wiring or electrical connections are defective, all filaments do not burn.
  • 5. Two amber lamps are not mounted on the front and two red lamps on the rear, so as
    to indicate the extreme width of the body, and as high on the permanent body as
    practical, except that approved 180 degree lamps with yellow or amber lens may be
    mounted on the side of the vehicle at or as near the front as possible, or if the front is not
    the widest portion, the lamps may be installed on the side and as near that point as
    possible. And with the further exception that 180 degree lamps with red lens may be
    mounted on the side of the vehicle at or as near the rear as possible or if the rear is not
    the widest portion of the vehicle, the lamps may be installed on the side as near that
    point as possible.
  • 6. Any vehicle equipped with three red identification lamps with the lamp centers spaced
    not less than six inches or more than 12 inches apart and installed as close as
    practicable to the top of the vehicle and as close as practicable to the vertical centerline
    of the vehicle may have the rear clearance lamps required by subdivision 5 of this
    section, mounted at any height but indicate as nearly as practicable the extreme width of
    the vehicle.
    NOTE: Other specially constructed vehicles may be equipped with the required
    clearance lamps not mounted on the extreme rear, provided such red lamps are clearly
    visible from the rear and provided further that two red reflectors of an approved type are
    mounted on the extreme rear. In unusual cases the rear lamp may be mounted on the
    cab and another red reflex reflector placed on the extreme rear.
    NOTE: In addition to the required clearance lamps showing to the front and to the rear, a
    vehicle may be equipped with side marker lamps on the side of the vehicle. When such
    an installation is used, all of the clearance lamps on the side except the one at or near
    the rear must have an amber lens. The side marker lamps on the side at or near the rear
    must have a red lens.
  • 7. Any vehicle covered by subdivision 1 of this section, except school buses, is not
    equipped with amber reflectors on the sides as near the front as practical, and red
    reflectors on the rear. The reflectors must be at least 15 inches and not more than 60
    inches from the ground. No reflector can have a piece broken from its reflective surface,
    but may have one or more cracks.
  • 8. Any combination of vehicles whose actual length exceeds 35 feet if the vehicles are
    not wide enough to require clearance lights, if the vehicle is not equipped with reflex
    reflectors of a type approved by the superintendentand mounted on the widest part of
    the towed vehicle so as to be visible from the front and sides of the vehicle. No reflector
    can have a piece broken from its reflective surface, but may have one or more cracks.
  • 9. Any passenger vehicle is equipped with clearance lamps, unless such lamps are used
    to mark the extreme width of the vehicle or used as taxicab identification, or used as
    supplemental turn signals. (See 19VAC30-70-190 8.)

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  • 10. Vehicles so constructed as to make compliance with the requirements of
    subdivisions 1, 5, 7, 9, and 10 of this section impractical will be equipped with clearance
    lamps and reflectors at the most practical location to provide maximum visibility.
  • 11. Any vehicle is not equipped with two front side marker lights (amber) and two rear
    side marker lights (red).
  • 12. Any vehicle is not equipped with two front side reflectors (amber), two rear side
    reflectors (red), and two reflectors mounted on the rear (red).

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