Brakes: Emergency, Parking, or Holding: Batteries

19VAC30-70-90. Brakes: emergency, parking, or holding; batteries.
A. Some vehicles are equipped with an actual emergency brake, while others have only a
parking or holding brake. Some types may be actuated by a foot or hand lever, while others may
incorporate a switch or valve to actuate the brake. Air and vacuum brake systems may employ
spring activating parking brakes.
B. Inspect for and reject if:

  • 1. Vehicle or combination of vehicles is not equipped with a parking, holding, or
    emergency brake in good working order of the type installed as original standard factory
    equipment for the vehicle on which it is installed.
  • 2. The parking brake actuating mechanism does not fully release when the control is
    operated to the off position or if the parking brake lamp light remains on.
    NOTE: The light does not apply to vehicles that are not equipped with a parking
    (emergency) brake indicator light.
  • 3. Any mechanical parts are missing, broken, badly worn, or are inoperative.
  • 4. Cables are stretched, worn, or frayed or not operating freely.
  • 5. Grease or other contamination is present on the linings, drums, or rotors.
  • 6. Parking brake will not hold the vehicle stationary with the engine running at slightly
    accelerated speed with shift lever in drive position for automatic transmission or shift
    lever in low gear with clutch engaged for standard shift transmission.
  • 7. Holding brake will not disengage when engine is started and vehicle is placed in drive.
    Holding brake will not hold vehicle stationary with foot on holding brake and vehicle in
  • 8. On vehicles equipped with automatic transmissions, the vehicle will start in any gear
    other than (P) park and (N) neutral. If the gearshift indicator does not identify the park
    (P) and neutral (N) positions, then the vehicle shall be rejected.
  • 9. On vehicles equipped with manual transmissions, the vehicle will start in any gear if
    the clutch is not depressed or disengaged.
    NOTE: This will not apply to older model vehicles, which were not originally equipped
    with a neutral-safety switch, clutch disengagement system or clutch pedal position
    sensor by the manufacturer.
  • 10. The accelerator does not disengage after being depressed, allowing the engine to
    return to a normal idle speed.
  • 11. Any battery is not attached to a fixed part of the motor vehicle and protected by a
    removable cover or enclosure if the battery is installed in a location other than the engine
    compartment. This includes all brackets, hardware, bolts, and bushings used for
    securely mounting the battery to the vehicle.

    • a. Removable covers or enclosures shall be substantial and shall be securely latched
      or fastened.
    • b. The battery compartment shall have openings to provide ample battery ventilation
      and drainage.


Revised August 1, 2012

19VAC30-70 – Motor Vehicle Safety Inspection Rules And Regulations

    • c. Whenever the cable to the starting motor passes through a metal compartment,
      the cable shall be protected against grounding by an acid and waterproof insulating
    • d. Whenever a battery and a fuel tank are both placed under the driver’s seat, they
      shall be partitioned from each other, and each compartment shall be provided with
      an independent cover, ventilation, and drainage.